The size of the prostate gland is normal for ultrasound by age, how to identify them and why they change

Contents

The size of the prostate gland is normal for ultrasound by age, how to identify them and why they change prostate gland

The size of the prostate gland is normal for ultrasound by age: how to identify them and why they change
We will study – what should be the size of the prostate gland in terms of ultrasound by age, how to identify them and why they change over the years.

What is the size of the prostate gland normal for ultrasound by age

From what state the prostate gland has, not only sexual activity in men depends, but also their overall health. In any inflammatory process, normal values ​​change. Therefore, it is important to know the size of the body. To do this, often appointed TRUS. At the same time, the size of the prostate gland is normally determined by ultrasound by age and is clearly determined by the doctor.

The content of the article

  • How are prostate sizes evaluated
  • Why change the size of the prostate
  • Pathologies
  • Useful video: prostate sizing on ultrasound
  • The volume of the body
  • Volume and pathology
  • Other indicators
    • Echo
    • The form
    • OOM
  • Useful video: anatomy of the prostate, size
  • Conclusion

How are prostate sizes evaluated

Identify the indicators will help ultrasound. It is carried out in several ways that affect the preparation of the patient:

  1. Transabdominal, conducted through the abdominal cavity.
  2. Transurethral is performed by inserting a sensor into the urethra heavy sleeping pills.
  3. TRUS is performed by inserting an ultrasound probe into the rectum of the patient. It is the most informative method to help determine the state of the diagnosed area.

Identifying dimensions, experts use a simple convenient formula. Only a patient’s age is required for counting.

Important! Decoding ultrasound prostate may vary based on the height, body of men, general health.

Why change the size of the prostate

However, the indicators of the organ change over time. This is due to the fact that it fully ripens by the age of 20. The sexual development comes to an end, the hormonal balance is balanced.

The size of the prostate gland in normal ultrasound in 50-year-old patients is 22.9 cu. cm, in 25-year-olds – 19.6 cu. see Slightly modified dimensions of the prostate gland in men are natural to the body.

If decoding showed 40 cube. see, then this is the reason for a prompt visit to the urologist. Also considered unhealthy is the size of the prostate gland in men, increased over a short period of time. The prostate during life changes as follows:

  • children of the first year of life have a prostate size no more than a pea;
  • from 11 to 16 years – a sharp increase;
  • from 18 to 22 years at the organ reaches its maximum value;
  • in the 40-50 years is the second period of growth.

The size of the prostate gland in a man gradually increases. This is due to hormonal changes that reduce the amount of testosterone produced, increase the synthesis of estrogen.

Hormonal changes in adolescents lead to serious organ growth. During the first surge of changes, the organ expands evenly. Moreover, its average values ​​are 3.5 cm long and 2 cm thick. However, the prostate is normal in size:

  • transverse – from 2.4 to 4.5 cm from the lower lobe of the organ to its upper edge;
  • Anteroposterior – from 1.6 to 2.2 cm (measurements are made from the front to the rear surface);
  • transverse – from 2.2 to 4 cm in width.

Its indicators change as a result of age characteristics, changes in hormonal levels, health status.

If a man of reproductive age has a larger parameter, then this is considered a sign of pathology.

For your information, the normal size of the prostate by ultrasound during life have minimum and maximum values, which is associated with changes in the level of androgens. The growth of the body due to the decline, the rise of testosterone.

Pathologies

Ultrasound prostate size with an ultrasound is considered a major indicator of male health. If during diagnostics an increase in length, width is determined, then this is an indicator:

  • prostatitis;
  • adenomas;
  • cystic formations;
  • calcinates;
  • oncology.

Smaller sizes are an indicator of atrophy, in which there is not only a decrease in magnitude, but also the weight of an organ. This phenomenon can be congenital and acquired, and results from:

  • decrease in blood supply;
  • The size of the prostate gland is normal for ultrasound by age, how to identify them and why they change prostate gland

  • chronic diseases;
  • injuries;
  • stones;
  • impaired neural regulation.

Below is a table of the size of the prostate gland by ultrasound.

Values Norm in adults
The form Oval, symmetrical
Contours Smooth, crisp
Echo Normal
Indicators The length is not more than 4.1 cm, width – 4.2 cm, thickness – 2.3 cm.
Volume Not more than 25 square Buy Steroids Here meters. cm
Ducts No signs of blockage

Useful video: prostate sizing on ultrasound

The volume of the body

To assess the condition of the body helps the volume of the prostate gland by ultrasound. The prostate volume is calculated in the following ways:

  1. The first method requires width and length. The doctor multiplies the parameters. Then the http://power-press.net/ results are multiplied by 0.52. If an ultrasound study turned out to have a mass index of more than 80 g, then the coefficient is multiplied by the width, raised to a cube. When this indicator is less than 80 g, then the width, squared by 0.52 and the front-rear parameter is multiplied.
  2. The second method of calculating the volume is based on age, and is calculated using the following formula: the coefficient 0.13 is multiplied by the patient’s age. The result is cumulative with an indicator of 16.4.

The volume of the prostate gland is normal by ultrasound represented by the following data, based on the patient’s age:

  • children have indicators of about 17 cubic meters. cm;
  • in men 30-40 years old – within 20 cu. cm;
  • men after 60 – about 30 cu. cm.

Volume and pathology

 for men 25-40 years old can vary from 25 to 30 cubic meters. cm.

When the norm with ultrasound has the following deviations, this may be an indicator of the following pathologies:

  • If the generic viagra cost rate of ultrasound exceeds the average by 10 units, then this indicates the presence of prostatitis. What is associated with the occurrence of edema, inflammatory process.
  • If ultrasound standards are exceeded by more than 10 units, then this is a sign of an organ tissue growing, which is a symptom of adenoma.
  • Oncology is manifested by the deviation of the volume. But often for its diagnosis requires a biopsy, which is carried out by TRUS.

For your information, TRUS of the prostate gland allows you to calculate the mass of the organ. To do this, you need to multiply the resulting volume during the diagnosis by a factor of 1.05.

Other indicators

The doctor examines other parameters that may indicate the presence of norms and deviations.

Echo

Decoding ultrasound of the prostate also includes the nature of echogenicity. Normally, it should have a homogeneous structure, in this case a uniform echogenicity is visible on the ultrasound. The physician is alarmed when detecting areas with low or high echogenicity, sometimes with separate patches that differ from the rest of the tissue. Heterogeneity suggests that pathology is present. The conclusion may contain the following types of echogenicity:

  • Normal speaks of a healthy prostate.
  • Decreased is a serious sign lunesta withdrawal. These areas do not reflect ultrasonic waves, this is due to their increased density. Prostate hypoechoicity on the study may be a sign of cysts, cancer cells, dense wen.
  • The increased echogenicity of the prostate gland in men fully reflects ultrasound, appears on the monitor as bright spots against the background of healthy tissue. Hyperechogenicity indicates the presence of bone formation, calcinates.

The form

The prostate gland in men has two halves with a number of lobes, the number of which can vary from 15 to 25.

The segments are separated by a jumper. A healthy prostate has the shape of a symmetrical chestnut, externally similar to the shape of a human heart.

Any asymmetry, the absence of smooth contours is considered a sign of deviations.

Normally, the organ must have a clearly visualized form, easily fixed on the monitor of the ultrasound device.

OOM

Ultrasound of the prostate and bladder allows you to determine the amount of residual urine. This parameter indicates not only the state of the bladder, but also the prostate. Often the patient has difficulty urinating as a result of the proliferation of tissue that presses against the urethra. More than the normal OOM, is a sign of sand, stones, prostatitis, prostate adenoma in men.

Note! The volume of residual urine in an adult should not be more than 50 ml.

In the course of diagnosis, a reduction in the size of the bladder may occur, an indicator of which is a reduced volume of urine. The causes of this condition are tuberculosis, the presence of parasitic invasions, the consequence of surgical intervention on the organs of the urinary system.

Useful video: anatomy of the prostate, size

Conclusion

Ultrasound scan of the prostate gland allows you to quickly detect many diseases, which increases the chance of complete recovery.

Read More